Adelaide is the 5th most populous city in Australia and is the capital city of the state of South Australia. It is located on the Adelaide Plains between the Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges. The demonym "Adelaidean" is used to refer to the city and its residents.
Adelaide has warm to hot dry summers and mild short winters. The city’s Light’s Vision plan arranged it in a grid with five squares in the city centre and the Adelaide Parklands, which is a ring of parks surrounding it.
Flinders University of South Australia, the University of South Australia, Torrens University Australia and the University of Adelaide, which is Australia’s third-oldest university, are based in Adelaide. The latter has 5 campuses throughout the state, two of which are in the city centre. The Flinders University of South Australia is in Bedford Park’s southern suburb and has a small city campus in Victoria Square.
Carnegie Mellon University's Heinz College Australia, Cranfield University's Defence College of Management and Technology, and University College London's School of Energy and Resources are located in the historic Torrens Building in Victoria Square. Other vocational educations and training are provided through numerous Technical and Further Education (TAFE) campuses.
The city launches various festivals and events all year round, like Adelaide Festival of Arts, Fringe Festival, Adelaide Festival Centre, Adelaide Cabaret Festival, Adelaide Film Festival, Adelaide Festival of Ideas, Adelaide Writers' Week, and WOMADelaide among much more. Some of the city’s remarkable landmarks are South Australian Museum and State Library of South Australia, Adelaide Botanic Garden, National Wine Centre, Tandanya National Aboriginal Cultural Institute, Migration Museum and Contemporary Art Centre of South Australia. Other venues include the Adelaide Entertainment Centre and the city's many smaller theatres, pubs and bars.
Adelaide has been also recognized as a "City of Music" by the UNESCO Creative Cities Network.
Adelaide forms a tactical transport hub for east-west and north-south routes due to its central location on the Australian mainland. The city’s metropolitan-wide public transport system is managed by the Adelaide Metro, which consists of a shrunken bus system including the O-Bahn Busway, metropolitan railways with diesel and electric lines, and the Adelaide-Glenelg Tram, which is a metropolitan tram running through the city centre to the inner north-west suburb of Hindmarsh.