What Are Education Loans in India and How to Choose One?
01 August, 2023
7 mins read
A high-quality education is a must for many, and it is not exactly within everyone’s reach, this is why the concept of student loans came to life years ago and is still being used to this very day. Over the years, different types of student loans have been introduced to the market and as a student with little to no experience, you might find yourself struggling to understand all the types and having trouble choosing the right one for you.
This is completely valid and we’ve got your back! If you’re an international student, especially if you’re Indian, then this guide is for you! Getting an education loan in India, while easy, is still a process that needs prepping for and reading up on, and that’s what we’re here to help you with! We’re going to uncover how to get an education loan in India, all the different types of student loans India, and your overall education loan eligibility, so let’s start!
What Is an Education Loan in India?
An education loan in India, also known as a student loan, is the amount of money borrowed by someone to help fund their post-secondary education or other higher education-related expenses. The cost of tuition, books and supplies, and living expenses are all supposed to be covered by an education loan throughout the duration of the borrower’s degree. The period through which the loan should be repaid varies depending on the lender and their specific set of rules.
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Education Loan Eligibility
What exactly qualifies someone to receive an education loan in India? Here’s a detailed look at all the things that make one eligible for taking out any of the student loans India!
In order to get approval on your education loan in India, you need to be enrolled in an approved undergraduate programme, postgraduate programme, PhD programme, diploma course of six months or longer, job-oriented course, or technical/professional course.
If you are applying for an education loan in India, you should be studying or trying for admission to an approved recognised institution, government institution, professional institution, or international college or university.
A 10 + 2 (12th standard) should be completed by education loan applicants for an undergraduate course and a degree should be completed for postgraduate applicants.
A number of documents are required to help applicants qualify for an education loan in India, below is a detailed list of said documents.
Documents Required for Student Loans India
An admission letter from the educational institution
Marksheets (previous education - school/college)
Recent bank account statements
ITR with income computation
Audited balance sheet
Recent bank statements
Proof of turnover (service tax return/sales receipt)
Completed application form with signature
Latest passport size photographs
Appropriate Visa for studies abroad
Expenses Covered by an Education Loan in India
Before choosing the ideal education loan in India for you, let’s first take a look at all the expenses your student loan of choice is expected to cover, here’s a detailed list!
Educational institute fees.
Travel expenses/transportation and passage money for studies abroad.
Insurance premium for student borrowers, if applicable.
Caution deposit, building fund/refundable deposit supported by institution bills/receipts (total expense should not exceed 10% of total loan).
An allowance for books/equipment/instruments/uniforms (total expense should not exceed 20% of total loan).
A fee for purchasing a computer at a reasonable cost, if required to complete the course (total expense should not exceed 20% of total loan).
Any other expense required to complete the course, such as study tours, project work, thesis, etc. (total expense should not exceed 20% of total loan).
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Courses Covered by Student Loans India
Student loans India can cover a number of different courses and degree programmes, including the following:
Graduation and post-graduation courses (professional/technical/diploma) offered by approved universities or colleges under UGC, IMC, AICTE, government, AICTE, AIBMS, or CMR
Regular degree or diploma courses administered by autonomous institutions such as IIM, IIT, IISc, XLRI, NIFT, NID, ICWA, CA, CFA, etc.
Regular degree or diploma courses such as pilot training, aeronautical, shipping, and more approved by the Director General of Civil Aviation, Shipping, or other regulatory authority.
Job-oriented courses (professional/technical) for graduation, post-graduation, or diploma such as MBA/MCA/MS, courses conducted by the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) - London or Certified Public Accountant (CPA) - USA.
Loans for skill development.
How to Choose an Education Loan in India?
Choosing the right education loan in India mainly depends on your needs. There are various types of student loans India, each one covering a particular need or requirement you might be looking for in a student loan and how much interest are you willing to settle for. So, in order to choose the right education loan in India, you need to first familiarise yourself with all the different types of education loans available in the country and their interest rates!
Types of Student Loans India
1. Domestic Education Loan
Students who want to pursue a degree in India can apply for this type of loan. The loan’s approval depends on the applicant’s acceptance into an Indian educational institution and meeting all other eligibility requirements.
2. Overseas Education Loan
This loan is designed for Indian students who wish to pursue higher education in a foreign country. An overseas education loan usually covers travel, accommodation, and tuition fees, provided the applicant is accepted in an institution of higher education abroad and meets all other eligibility requirements.
1. Undergraduate Loans
True to its name, this education loan in India provides students with the necessary funding to complete an undergraduate degree. This loan is usually enough to offer the necessary financial aid throughout the duration of an undergraduate degree, which is around three to four years.
2. Postgraduate Loans
Students who want to pursue postgraduate studies can apply for this loan that will help cover their expenses over the course of their 2-year postgraduate study period.
3. Career Development Loans
Many working professionals apply for education loans in India to start taking professional courses and training to improve their employment prospects. A career development loan is available to help them with their professional development, provided they fit the eligibility criteria.
1. Loan Against Property, Deposits, and Securities
You can take out an education loan in India against immovable assets like agricultural land, residential land, flats, house, and others. You can use fixed deposit certificates, recurring deposits, gold deposits, bonds, debentures, and equity shares to get the necessary financing to pursue education.
2. Third-Party Guarantee
This is basically a guarantee letter from an employee of the bank issuing the loan or the home bank that can help the student get their education loan in India.
Interest Rates of Different Student Loans India
Union Bank of India
Bank of Baroda
Central Bank of India
8.20% to 11.50%
13.70% to 15.20%
Kotak Mahindra Bank
Up to 16%
Bank of India
Bank of Maharashtra
10.30% to 11.95%
IDFC FIRST Bank
9% to 15%
Indian Overseas Bank
Rates are college or university dependant
Additional Steps to Consider when Choosing a Loan
How Much Money Do You Actually Need?
An education loan in India could cover only a few expenses or cover everything from tuition fees to travel costs, examination fees, student accommodation costs, and living expenses. So it’s beneficial to calculate all the expenses you will have to determine the loan amount you need. It’s important to take into consideration the interest rate, the processing fees, the type of loan, and the repayment conditions.
Indian state banks offer education loans ranging from Rs. 2 lakh up to Rs. 40 lakh, however, private banks offer loans that start from Rs. 50,000 up to Rs. 1.5 crore. Non-Bank Financial Companies (NBFCs) offer education loans with no maximum amount. Its minimum loan amount is Rs. 50,000 for education in India and Rs. 1 lakh for international education.
Normally, banks don’t request a co-borrower/guarantor or tangible collateral security for education loans of Rs. 4 lakh or less. If your educational loan is between Rs. 4 lakh and Rs. 7.5 lakh, banks request a third-party guarantor. Nevertheless, banks will usually ask you to submit collateral security if your loan is more than Rs. 7.5 lakh.
What Are the Repayment Terms?
Ask your education loan provider about the repayment terms, especially the following two terms:
1. Moratorium Period
This is the period you can spend without paying your loan after completing your studies. It ranges from six months to a year. Once this period is over, you will need to start repaying your loan, even if you don’t have a job yet. Private or NBFCs may ask you to pay simple or partial interest rates while you are studying, so ask about that as well.
2. Loan Tenure
Loan tenure is the timeframe you are expected to repay your loan within. It lasts up to 15 years in state banks, 20 years in private banks and 10 years in NBFCs. Similar to the interest rate, loan tenure can save you money. The longer the tenure is, the higher the interest will be. Adding one year to the repayment period increases the interest amount.
Benefits of Getting an Education Loan in India
After choosing the right education loan in India for you and your educational prospects, it’s good to be reminded of the benefits that come along with it, here are a few of them!
Certain conditions can get loans that are up to 100% financing.
The loan amount can go up to Rs.1 crore for international students and up to Rs.50 lakh for domestic students.
The financing covers other expenses, such as student exchange travel expenses and a laptop, if needed.
Preferential forex rates may be available for international disbursements.
Parents should be joint borrowers for the education loan.
Loan repayment tenure can go up to 15 years.
Loan moratorium period of up to 6 months to 1 year from completing the course.
Tax benefits up to 8 years on the loan interest payment.
Getting an education loan in India is the first step towards a brighter future, whether you’re studying in or out of the country. Whatever degree you wish to obtain, it is now made possible through the different types of student loans India. You can also check out the best education loan providers in India and how to apply for one while you’re at it! Or maybe even try applying through Casita. So, using this as your guide, we urge you to do your research and sign up for that education loan in India today!
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Frequently Asked Questions:
How to choose a student loan in India?
When choosing a student loan in India, it is advisable to select a bank that offers you the best loan terms rather than one that offers you the most finance. You should also check if you are allowed to pay Equated Monthly Instalments (EMIs) in advance or make partial payments towards the loan.
Which type of education loan is best?
The best education loans in India are as follows:
Punjab National Bank Education Loan
SBI Education Loan
Axis Bank Education Loan
Bank of Baroda Education Loan
What are the types of education loan in India?
The types of education loans in India are categorized into course-based loans, location-based loans, and collateral-based loans and include undergraduate loans, postgraduate loans, and career development loans among other types.
Is education loan interest free in India?
Education loans are not interest-free in India. The interest rate does differ, though, from one bank to another and one type of loan to another. However, student loan without interest is a possibility in India with scholarships and subsidies.
How much income is required for education loan in India?
An average of at least INR 30,000 per month qualifies an individual for education loans in India. Those who earn lesser monthly salaries can be considered co-applicants.